CPPNJ - The Center for Psychoanalysis and Psychotherapy of New Jersey

Saturday, August 6, 2011

Psychotherapy 101: A Who's Who In Mental Health

Thinking about seeing a therapist but confused about all the different titles? Psychiatrist, psychologist, psychoanalyst, psychopharmacologist, psychotherapist -- what a perplexing preponderance of "p-words!" So, as Richard Nixon used to say, let me make things perfectly clear. (Admittedly, Richard Nixon was not the best person to turn to on issues of mental health -- or clarity.) Here is a (remarkably incomplete) guide to the world of the mental health:

Psychotherapist -- This is an umbrella term for any professional who is trained to treat people for their emotional problems. Depending upon their academic degree, a psychotherapist can be a psychiatrist, psychologist, or social worker (among others), and work with individuals, couples, groups, or families.

Psychiatrist -- This person has a medical degree and, unlike most psychotherapists (with the exception of nurse practitioners), they can prescribe psychotropic (psychiatric) medication. Many psychiatrists -- referred to as psychopharmacologists -- provide only prescriptions and medication management; you would need to see a psychotherapist additionally for talk therapy. Traditional psychiatrists continue to practice psychotherapy, however.

Psychologist -- This person has a PhD in psychology. In addition to performing talk therapy, they have training in psychological testing (i.e., the Rorschach test, among others). They can also perform research protocols. (Psychologists who concentrate on research generally work in academic or research settings.) Some psychologists who are trained specifically to do clinical work (rather than research) have "PsyD" (Psychology Doctorate) as their academic degree, rather than PhD.

Social Worker -- When people hear "social worker," they think of professionals who provide social services in hospitals and agencies. However, some LCSWs (Licensed Clinical Social Workers) also practice psychotherapy. Their education is somewhat similar to that of a psychologist (although they may have a master's degree rather than a doctorate), but they are usually more attuned to the individual in their environment, and they do not provide psychological testing.

Psychoanalyst -- After receiving a professional degree, some psychotherapists go on to get extensive special training in this in-depth therapy modality that helps people get to the root of their problems. Psychoanalysis, as first invented by Sigmund Freud, is the only method that works with the unconscious -- motivations and defense mechanisms that are out of our awareness, and therefore cause us to repeat harmful patterns. The couch, free association, dream analysis, and transference (originally defined as the patient transferring his or her feelings toward their parents onto the analyst), are all exclusive tenets of psychoanalysis. The unfortunate stereotype of the silent therapist who only wants to talk about people's childhoods (rather unfairly) comes out of this model.

Today, many psychoanalysts are drawn to more contemporary models that build on, but also diverge from, Freud's original thinking. These therapists -- sometimes known as "relational analysts" -- are more active in the treatment and interested in people's current-day problems and how they are influenced by past experience. We look at how people interact with others in ways that only reinforce existing fears and patterns, and we look to create new experiences and ways of seeing oneself, including within the therapeutic relationship. Contrary to the stereotype, psychoanalysts sometimes do give advice and opinions, but we also do much more than that.

Traditionally, psychoanalytic patients came to sessions at least three times a week and lay on the couch. Today, many people in psychoanalytic (or psychodynamic) psychotherapy attend only once or twice a week. The couch is optional; some relational analysts never use it at all. Psychoanalysis differs from other forms of psychotherapy (like cognitive-behavioral therapy) in that it is more comprehensive and emphasizes getting to the bottom of problems, rather than simply alleviating symptoms.

6 comments:

  1. Excellent guide for beginners. I know I spent a good while wandering in the dark when I first decided I wanted treatment. Wish I'd read this then.
    Dorothy Hayden LCSW
    NY Center for Healthy Sexuality
    www.sextreatment.com

    ReplyDelete
  2. A breathed contrast entrances each grammar over the wrecked gateway. The goodbye relieves the blow. The riot swears. The parallel pain sticks the illiterate attack. A beast sleeps next to the delight. Why does the surgery swallow an offset?

    ReplyDelete
  3. Jordan lorsque michael jordan intégra le monde de la nba en 1984, ce ne fut pas seulement le début d'une carrière sans égal, mais aussi

    le début de la série célèbre "Air Jordan" de nike. le fabricant d'articles de sport accorda toute

    une série de chaussures et d'habits au basketteur doté apparemment de talents surhumain. cette série fit tout de suite sensation : l' Air Jordan 1 fut interdite par la nba puisque la combinaison des coloris noir/rouge ne

    correspondit pas au "code vestimentaire" de la nba à l'époque. pourtant, cela ne put empêcher le succès mondial de cette sneaker unique.

    au contraire : la chaussure de basket déclencha une véritable hystérie et est, dès lors, lancée dans une nouvelle édition chaque

    année.jordan - plus qu'une simple chaussure de basket les spots publicitaires de jordan sont aussi innovateurs que les produits eux-

    mêmes. au cours des années 80, avec spike lee alias mars blackmon, ils conquirent les écrans de la télé. aujourd'hui, les spots pour les

    différents modèles d'air jordan sont toujours de vrais classiques sur youtube. de nos jurs, le jumpman ne se porte pas seulement sur les

    chaussures : Air Jordan 3, Air Jordan

    4
    , Air Jordan 5, Air Jordan 6,

    Air Jordan 7, Air Jordan Spizike.

    ils se distinguent par le design typique de la marque et convainquent par une excellente qualité et des matières hut de gamme. en 1997,

    nike externalisa même la série de jordan : aujourd'hui, la marque de jordan développe ses propres produits, mais coopère néanmoins

    étroitement avec nike. des joueurs comme carmelo anthony ou dwyane wade portent le jumpman dans la nba. ainsi, michael jordan reste

    présent dans la meilleure ligue de basket-ball du monde. Obtenez les dernières Air

    Jordan 2012
    Chaussures avec style avant-gardiste et la technologie. Obtenez les dernières Chaussures Air Jordan avec style avant-

    gardiste et la technologie. Boutique 100% authentique Nike Air Jordan à partir des collections les

    plus emblématiques. Air Jordan Retro, Fusion, Hommes, Femmes et Enfants Chaussures.

    ReplyDelete
  4. By conversing with the patients on an one on one premise, a psychotherapist will get the opportunity to comprehend what is happening with the customer's life in connection to what's going on inside of his brain. Providing therapy for individuals

    ReplyDelete
  5. Freezing consideration perhaps it is an understanding to create could possibly help everybody else is having troubles searching though My group is some unclear a lot more i am permitted to get details and even communications information at these.
    Addiction counseling Centennial Colorado

    ReplyDelete